Ancient Egypt and Sudan
Ancient Egypt has an enduring fascination. Manchester’s extensive Egyptology collection illustrates both everyday life and preparations for the afterlife.
Our collection of around 18,000 objects from ancient Egypt and Sudan is one of the most significant in Europe, and the fifth largest in the UK. The development the collection in Manchester is thanks in large part to a textile industrialist called Jesse Haworth (1835–1921). He financed the archaeological excavations of English Egyptologist William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942) and in return Manchester received a large number of Petrie’s finds.
The collection includes material from prehistoric times through to Roman, Christian and Islamic times. Particular strengths include items from a pyramid-builders’ town and the palace sites of Gurob and Amarna; a unique group of ritual objects from a tomb in Thebes; twenty human and fifty animal mummies; and an outstanding collection of Roman Period mummy masks and painted panel portraits.
Photo: Mummy Mask for a woman, side view
Paul Cliff / Manchester Museum